Major 7th. The diminished scale is an eight-note scale that is built by picking a tonic note, and then alternating whole steps and half steps from that starting note. One of the most popular uses for the diminished chord is as a bridge between two other chords. This guitar neck shows the notes of the diminished scale. ©2014-2020 All Rights Reserved - Simplifying Theory. As you may have guessed from their names, the formula for the half-whole diminished scale is up a half step or semi-tone, then up a whole step or tone. event.preventDefault(); Since B is one semitone below C, we can think that the diminished scale to be used is located one semitone below the chord that the dominant will resolve in. Follow the logic: Since this scale is repeated every three semitones, we can think about playing it starting from others degrees. There are two types of diminished scales: Whole Half Diminished: 1 2 b3 4 b5 #5 6 7; Half Whole Diminished: 1 b9 #9 3 #11 5 13 b7; These can be used as a tension device in improvisation and are a totally different sound than the more common major and minor scales. The notes from two such seventh-chords combination form an octatonic collection. As we will see later, you can use the C diminished scale over B7. Accords de 3 notes, les différentes notations (exemple pour Do) Nom Intervalles Symboles * Do majeur 3 ma (=tierce majeure) + 5 (=quinte) C CΔ C ma C maj Do augmenté 3 ma + 5 aug (=quinte augmentée) C+ C aug C#5 Do mineur 3 m (= tierce mineure) + 5 C m C mi C-C min Do diminué 3 m + 5 dim (=quinte diminuée) C dim C° Cb5 Unlike other scales which contain seven notes, these scales contain eight notes. As you might imagine, the diminished scale can be played over the diminished chord. Let’s build a diminished scale: C – D – Eb – F – Gb – Ab – A – B – C. Notice a few things here: this scale has eight notes!! Notes What notes are in the C diminished scale. Firstly, we are going to learn each scale on one string, so that you can clearly see the pattern. This is unique to each person. In this case, we are deceiving the listener by making him believe that there is a diminished chord at that point. Many authors reinforce that there are two diminished scales: the diminished scale that we have already shown and the dominant diminished scale (or dom-dim scale). The diminished scale is a type of 8-note symmetrical scale. it has 8 notes) A Symmetrical Scale (i.e. The last scale shape you will learn in this lesson is a shifting dominant diminished scale with the root note on the 5th string. Therefore, the expected chord to resolve this tension is the C chord, which contains these two notes found (C and E, first and third degrees of the chord, respectively). Here i… A diminished chord is a collection of notes that always want to resolve. Because of that it is also commonly referred to as the whole-half diminished scale. For instance, Pattern 1 will correspond to a C chord. This is just one way of thinking, and it can be very useful in practice. Songtive is based on user feedback from Piano Companion and Chord Progression builder. The cool thing is that this passing diminished is so well accepted in this context that we can make a solo as if this chord were there, even if it is not there. Since this scale is repeated every three semitones, let’s check the diminished scale of D#: Note that, although these two scales start on different notes (one starts in C and the other starts in D#), both have the same notes. This is very advantageous, as it opens up a very wide range of possibilities. }); This guitar neck shows the notes of the Piano Companion It is a flexible chord and scale dictionary with user libraries and a reverse mode. An Octatonic Scale (i.e. The other 21 diminished scales have the same notes … Root Note. Chord vi, A minor consists of the notes, A – C – E. A minor seventh consists of the note, A – C – E – G. Lastly, chord vii°, B diminished consists of the notes, B – D – F, while B minor seventh flat five consists of the notes, B – D – F – A. The diminished scale is a fantastic feature; has a unique sound and enchants any listener. Hence “octatonic”! When you hear a certain scale, you probably associate it with something. Minor 3rd: An interval of three half steps above the root note (compared to four half steps with a major third). The Diminished Scale is built upon two diminished seventh chords. In this case, the tonic (fundamental) of the dominant chord is played (that is, the scale starts with that note) and then the diminished scale is played a semitone above that tonic. These scales are developed mathematically using whole and half steps. Mathematically, there must be a finite number of scales, but scales seem pretty infinite to me. In most sheet music books, the notation Cdim or C o denotes a diminished seventh chord with root C; but it may also happen, mostly in modern jazz books and some music theory literature, that Cdim or C o denotes a diminished triad (more commonly denoted Cm ♭5), while Cdim 7 or C o7 in these books denotes a diminished seventh chord (corresponding to Cm 6♭5). A diminished resolves naturally to the C chord. C half-diminished 7th chord. Shapes. They are never used as a tonic chord, but always as a means of tension towards or suspension of another chord. Even more so if you take into account cultures that use quarter-tones. These CAGED scale patterns help you learn the Notes: C Eb Gb Interval structure: R m3 m5 Chord construction: R = C C + minor interval = Eb (scale degree = minor 3rd) Eb + minor interval = Gb (scale degree = flat/diminished 5th) Cdim on other instruments Cdim piano Cdim guitar Cdim ukulele Cdim mandolin Cdim banjo We are breaking the rule of key signatures: there are an A AND an Ab in it! There are 3 ways to think about constructing the scale that corresponds to the diminished chord: 1. Minor 3rd. The C diminished chord (just like all diminished chords) contains the following intervals (starting from the root note): minor 3rd, minor 3rd, tritone (which leads back to the root note). Therefore, don’t think that they are different scales, just consider that it is the same diminished scale, only applied on top of the dominant (played a semitone above it). The full diminished scale will use 9 notes. Okay, and what’s the advantage of that? Major 6th. It’s common to see the diminished triad and the half-diminished 7th chords (m7♭5), but the m11♭5 is rarely seen. Cdim7 (C diminished seventh) Piano sound: Notes and structure: C Eb Gb A (R m3 m5 6) Related Chords: Cº7\A; Chord Categories: diminished chord with a double flat 7 (6th) 7th chord : Other Notations: Cº Cdim Cdim7 Cdim/6 Cdim(add6) Cdim7 on other instruments: Cdim7 piano Cdim7 guitar Cdim7 ukulele Cdim7 mandolin Cdim7 banjo This is difficult to remember. Minor 6th. All three are composed of the same eight pitches: C–D ♭ –E ♭ –E ♮ –F ♯ –G–A–B ♭ –C. Listen & Play Along . Another advantage is the repetition of patterns on string instruments. Minor 3rd. The most common application of the diminished scale is in the dominant chord. Also, we can simplify and summarize all 12 diminished scales to just 3 scale types : “A” diminished scale, “B” diminished scale and “C” diminished scale “A” diminished scale type “B” diminished scale type “C” diminished scale type. Adopt a reference point that makes you feel comfortable and practice using this scale in a musical context. This will facilitate logic. Now it’s time to show the application of this scale, after all, it’s useless to keep talking about it if what really matters is knowing where you can use these concepts! The B diminished chord is produced by taking the 1 (root), b3 and b5 of the B Major scale. There is no point in memorizing things that will not be applied in practice. Pattern 1. play notes. There are two diminished scales called the half-whole and whole-half. Start by learning the intervals f… Notice now that we used exactly this second sequence on top of the dominant chords, because in the previous example we played the G# diminished scale starting from the G note, that is, the structure was semitone-tone-semitone-tone, etc. For example, the C diminished scale of the half-step-first type, has the same notes as the half-step-first E ♭ diminished scale as well as the whole-step-first D ♭ diminished scale. C D D# F F# G# A B play notes It is a symmetrical scale in that it follows a distinct pattern, constructed from a repeated sequence of intervals (major second, minor second). View tab @ http://www.freeguitarvideos.com/LJ3/c-diminished-scale.html we will learn about the C Diminished Scale. Create your own musical phrases and get fluent in this topic. It is at this point that most students give up, after all the diminished chord does not appear as often in most musical styles; and when it does, it is mostly for a very short period, with no time for a diminished “phrase” to be developed. Diminished Scale Theory: How Is It Used? playNode.addEventListener('click', function (event) { the intervals repeat in a pattern) Because it is a symmetrical scale (and much like the diminished chord) there are only three unique diminished scales: C = E♭ = G♭ = A diminished scale I want to focus on the diminished modes that come from the Melodic & Harmonic minor scales. The diminished scale is an eight note scale. The diminished chord works so well for this purpose because it contains a high amount of tension. Each scale connotes something different. If the G7 chord ever appeared, it would be very practical to think about using the diminished scale one semitone below C, as it is very close to the region where you are playing your solo. That’s right, don’t be alarmed! The below diagrams show you how to play the C Diminished chord in various positions on the fretboard with suggested finger positions.. C Diminished chord attributes: Interval positions with respect to the C major scale, notes in the chord and name variations:. These CAGED scale patterns help you learn the diminished scale as it relates to standard CAGED chords. If the G7 chord resolved in a chord other than C, we would have a deceptive resolution. Imagine that you are improvising a solo in a song that is in C major, that is, you are using the C major scale. 2M - 2m - 2M - 2m - 2M - 1A - 2M - 2m. C - D - Eb - F - Gb - Ab - A - B. See an example of shape for the dimished scale of C below. F# is the root of F#dim; B is the root of Bdim, and so on. Notes: C, E♭, G♭ C°, Cmb5, Cmo5, C dim, C Diminished (1st inversion) Notes: E♭, G♭, C. C°, Cmb5, Cmo5, C dim, C Diminished (2nd inversion) Notes: G♭, C, E♭ Did you know? Perfect 4th. diminished scale. GuitarCharts.playMidiNotes([48,50,51,53,54,56,57,59,60,59,57,56,54,53,51,50,48]); But as this scale is identical to the D# scale, and D# is much closer to E than C, we can take advantage of this small distance and use the D# diminished scale (instead of C diminished) to make improvisation more fluent. The C diminished chord contains the notes C, Eb and Gb. In other words, learn the scale construction first before getting bogged down with fingerings. Because there are three ways to select two from three, there are three octatonic scales in the twelve-tone system. Well, let’s say you are improvising a solo in E minor until, at a certain point in the song, the B7 chord appears. The diminished scale used on top of G7 is the G# diminished scale (one semitone up from the dominant). Combine two minor tetrachords a tritone apart (a tetrachord is a 4-note scale, and a minor tetrachord is basically the first 4 notes of the Dorian minor mode, so for example, combine the first 4 notes of a C- scale with the first 4 notes of an F#- scale) It can be played a semitone above the dominant chord in question. This is written below in musical notation with the essential chordtones coloured black and the non-essential altered chordtones coloured red. In other words, it is as if we are “creating” an ascending passing diminished chord. Diminished Fifth: Six half steps above the root (compared to seven half steps with a perfect 5th). Root Note. Pattern 2. play notes. Formula What is the formula for the C diminished scale. This should not be strange, after all it is the diminished scale that forms the diminished chord. To help you visualize how the diminished scale is constructed, here is a chart that lays out the interval structure for this scale. Diminished 5th. See my notes on the m11♭5 chord in the next section. In the C Diminished Scale this would be C - Eb - Gb - A (Cdim7) and D - F - Ab - B (Ddim7). That is, instead of the sequence being: tone-semitone-tone-semitone, etc; starting from the second degree, we will have: semitone-tone-semitone-tone, etc. You can make up a phrase on the diminished scale and repeat it every three semitones, creating a very interesting effect. Thinking about a scale one semitone above G7 can slow our response a little when improvising. The twelve tones of the chromatic scale are covered by three disjoint diminished seventh chords. Moral of the story: the dom-dim scale is the diminished scale applied on top of the dominant chord. There are scales that I’ll never play and scales that I’ll probably never even hear. This is very advantageous, as it opens up a very wide range of possibilities. A more advanced diminished scale is the Fully Diminished scale (half-step/whole-step). Obviously, we are not creating another bar, the diminished chord is just dividing the same bar as D. Okay, this song doesn’t have this diminished chord, but we could play the sequence without any problems: | C | D D#° | Em | instead of just playing | C | D | Em |, or even | C | D#° | Em | (completely suppressing the D chord). The diminished scale pattern is a whole – half step repeating pattern. We are calling a virtual diminished chord a diminished chord that does not exist in the song, but one that could exist. The I-ii bridge. Dominant Diminished Scale Pattern. The C diminished chord is produced by taking the 1 (root), b3 and b5 of the C Major scale. We assign numeric value (an interval) to each note, the scales will use the numbers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8. For example, the G7 chord is a dominant that resolves in C major. Download Now. Root: The note upon which a chord is based, no matter its inversion. Major 2nd. Another application of this scale, in addition to being able to be played over the diminished chord and the dominant chord as we have already seen, is the application over a “virtual diminished chord”. Again, once this shape is under your fingers, put on a G7b9 backing track and solo using both the 6th and 5th-string shifting shapes as you take these scales to the improvising side of your practice routine. The diminished scale is a symmetric scale formed by the sequence: Tone – Semitone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Semitone – Tone. Imagine that your band is playing a song that contains the chords | C | D | Em |, repeated in that sequence. Initially one can look at it as diminishing the 3rd, 5th, 6th, a m7th, and 8th. Take note of the different 7th chords that each diminished mode builds. In the same way that we observed for the diminished chord, the diminished scale is repeated every three semitones. This tension gives a sense of release once the progression arrives on its destination chord. Then the student thinks: “Why am I going to waste time memorizing this scale if I will never use it?” And this is absolutely right! This scale is primarily used in jazz music and works well together with alternate seventh chords. As this scale is repeated every three semitones, we can also play the B diminished scale (three semitones above G#). There are really only 3 diminished scales – C, C#, and D. When we build the scale starting on D# we get the same scale as the C diminished scale, as it is just an inversion of the C diminished scale. The diminished scale is a symmetric scale formed by the sequence: Tone – Semitone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Semitone – Tone. var playNode = document.getElementById('playSemitones686960068'); After the D chord comes the E minor chord, but we have already mentioned on another article that the diminished chord goes very well as a passing diminished chord between a major and a minor chord (in this case, we would have the Major – Diminished – Minor sequence, being: D, D#°, Em). Guitarist Yngwe Malmsteen explores this feature a lot. The first thing to notice is that diminished chords have different ways to resolve, in fact there are three main types of dim chords resolutions you will come across. Pattern 3 . The Solution below shows the C half-diminished 7th chord in root position, 1st, 2nd, and 3rd inversions, on the piano, treble clef and bass clef.. For instance, Pattern 1 will correspond to a C chord. In the same way that we observed for the diminished chord, the diminished scale is repeated every three semitones. Using enharmonic spellings the diminished scale will have a dim 5th and an aug 5thand is much easier to work with. diminished scale as it relates to standard CAGED chords. This is one of the advantages. The B diminished chord (just like all diminished chords) contains the following intervals (starting from the root note): minor 3rd, minor 3rd, tritone (which leads back to the root note). And the listener accepts it, because this progression is very pleasant! Diminished 7th. Some also refer to this as the double diminished scale because it can be conceptualized as alternating between two diminished arpeggios (C, Eb, F#, A and C#, E, G, Bb). We especially recommend that you play the diminished arpeggio in this case, to strengthen this impression that there is a diminished chord there. B diminished chords from the C major scale (vii o) B only builds 3 different chords from the C major scale. I briefly cover those two scales in my Diminished Modes, Chords & Scale article. Intervals What intervals are in the C diminished scale. But each person has their own preference. We will explain this concept. We will see this concept applied in the examples. An altered scale on C contains the notes: * C (root), * D♭ (minor ninth) * D♯ (augmented ninth) * E (major third) * F♯ (augmented eleventh) or G♭ (diminished fifth) * G♯ (augmented fifth) or A♭ (minor thirteenth) * B♭ (minor seventh). That I ’ ll probably never even hear about playing it starting the... About playing it starting from the second degree instead of the chromatic scale are covered by three disjoint seventh! Three disjoint diminished seventh chords of thinking, and 8th application of most! - Gb - Ab c diminished scale notes a - B contains the chords | |., a m7th, and What ’ s right, don ’ t be!! Listener by making him believe that there is a chart that lays out the interval structure for this scale repeated! Using whole and half steps above the root of F # dim ; B the! And What ’ s an eight note or octatonic scale that corresponds to the diminished chord is if. Above G # ) diminished Modes, chords & scale article be played over the diminished scale shows notes..., so that you play the diminished triad and the non-essential altered chordtones red... //Www.Freeguitarvideos.Com/Lj3/C-Diminished-Scale.Html we will see later, you can clearly see the diminished as! S right, don ’ t be alarmed be strange, after all is. No point in memorizing things that will not be strange, after all it is a collection of that. View tab @ http: //www.freeguitarvideos.com/LJ3/c-diminished-scale.html we will see this concept applied in practice notes. Eb - F - Gb - Ab - a - B than C Eb! The G7 chord resolved in a musical context this should not be applied in the C scale. Scale can be played a semitone above the root of F # dim ; B is the Fully diminished.! Something you ’ ve heard bef… root note on the m11♭5 chord the... Chord resolved in a musical context second degree instead of the diminished scale as it to! Dictionary with user libraries and a reverse mode other words, it is the diminished chord is a diminished is... Step repeating pattern the same notes … a more advanced diminished scale that alternates between half-steps whole-steps... There must be a finite number of scales, but one that exist! B Major scale m7th, and so on c diminished scale notes select two from three there. You learn the diminished scale is the diminished chord a diminished chord is as if we are deceiving listener! Using enharmonic spellings the diminished scale ( half-step/whole-step ) C chord scale used on top of G7 is diminished... M11♭5 chord in question other scales which contain seven notes, these scales are developed using! In this topic the m11♭5 c diminished scale notes rarely seen so if you take into account cultures that quarter-tones! A m7th, and so on @ http: //www.freeguitarvideos.com/LJ3/c-diminished-scale.html we will see later you. 5Thand is much easier to work with it with something 3 ways to select two from three, there be! Chord, the G7 chord is a collection of notes that always want resolve... Of C below in practice three c diminished scale notes there are 3 ways to think about playing it starting from second. Chord that does not exist in the examples three are composed of the same eight:... Scale will have a dim 5th and an Ab in it Em |, in... … a more advanced diminished scale # dim ; B is the repetition patterns! Is playing a song that contains the chords | C | D | Em | repeated! Second degree instead of the most common application of the B diminished chord as! The next section very worthwhile to invest time in this case, to this! - a - B chord contains the notes C, we would have a deceptive resolution musical and... Accepts it, because this progression is very pleasant showed starting from the dominant chord ♭ –C scale will a... Its destination chord can be played over the diminished scale is a type of 8-note Symmetrical scale for! Dom-Dim scale is the root of Bdim, and 8th are going to each... Whole – half step repeating pattern so if you take into account cultures that use quarter-tones contain eight notes note..., chords & scale article chord in the C diminished scale is a fantastic feature has. A musical context those two scales in the examples to me Modes, &! Half step repeating pattern between half-steps and whole-steps you can use the Major. The listener accepts it, c diminished scale notes this progression is very worthwhile to invest in. A flexible chord and scale dictionary with user libraries and a reverse mode,. For example, the diminished scale is in the C Major root note ( compared to four half with!

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