1. Confirmation issued by the supplier of a product that specified requirements have been met. “Phreak”, “phreaker”, or “phone phreak” are names used for and by individuals who participate in phreaking. Blog: An online journal. Cyber is a slang that means anything related to or connected with the computer. Cybercrime, especially through the Internet, has grown in importance as the computer has become central to commerce, entertainment, and … Keystroke Logging (often called keylogging): a method of capturing and recording user keystrokes. Email header: The opening section of an electronic message that provides information about the sender, recipients, subject, and the date and time a message was sent. A Bluebug program allows the user to “take control” of the victim’s phone. Such networks are useful for many purposes. In its earliest usage, a sockpuppet was a false identity through which a member of an Internet community speaks while pretending not to, like a puppeteer manipulating a hand puppet. Sporgery: the disruptive act of posting a flood of articles to a Usenet newsgroup, with the article headers falsified so that they appear to have been posted by others. The phrase is often used figuratively, especially in computing slang, where it refers to a hacker that breaks into networks or computers, or creates computer viruses. The Bureau of Justice Assistance is a component of the Department of Justice’s Office of Justice Programs, which also includes the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, the Office for Victims of Crime, and the SMART Office. If you chip in $199 or more, we’ll send you a pair of limited-edition Liberal oven mitts. Why did the word change, and where did it originally come from? | Private Investigator News, Pursuit Magazine – The magazine of professional investigators, The magazine of professional investigators, Internet & Cyber Crime Terms and Definitions. Bot: A software robot that performs automated tasks. Cybercrime is any crime which is carried out using information technology or which targets information technology. The backdoor may take the form of an installed program (e.g., Back Orifice), or could be a modification to an existing program or hardware device. VoIP Spam: the proliferation of unwanted, automatically-dialed, pre-recorded phone calls using Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP). Operating system: The overarching program that runs all the functions on a computer or other electronic device. The criminal therefore recruits a money mule in the victim’s country who receives money transfers and merchandise and resend them to the criminal in return for a commission. This is one main reason for controversy. The phrase is often used figuratively, especially in computing slang, where it refers to a hacker that breaks into networks or computers, or creates computer viruses. Contrary to popular belief, this action, usually encoded in a hidden payload, may or may not be actually malicious, but Trojan horses are notorious today for their use in the installation of backdoor programs. The following are commonly used terms that relate to cyber crime. Instead, they seek to harass other players, causing grief. Snarfing: information theft or data manipulation in wireless local-area networks (WLAN). Trojan horse (or simply Trojan): a piece of software which appears to perform a certain action but in fact performs another such as transmitting a computer virus. Cyber flashing is a crime which involves sending obscene pictures to strangers through AirDrop. Cyber crimes can involve criminal activities that are traditional in nature, such as fraud, forgery, theft, mischief and defamation all of which are subject to the Indian Penal Code. Contraction of the term “web log.”. It is a legally and ethically controversial practice, with laws that vary in jurisdictions around the world. Wardriving: the act of searching for Wi-Fi wireless networks by a person in a moving vehicle using such items as a laptop or a PDA. The purpose of scam baiting might be to waste the scammers’ time, embarrass him or her, cause him or her to reveal information which can be passed on to legal authorities, get him or her to waste money, or simply to amuse the baiter. Points of view or opinions in this website are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice. Sharing content files (see file sharing) containing audio, video, data or anything in digital format is very common, and realtime data, such as telephony traffic, is also passed using P2P technology. Shareware has also been known as “try before you buy”. If you believe a cyber incident is of a criminal nature, please contact your local law enforcement agency or the RCMP. Piggybacking: a term used to refer to access of a wireless internet connection by bringing one’s own computer within the range of another’s wireless connection, and using that service without the subscriber’s explicit permission or knowledge. Click fraud is the subject of some controversy and increasing litigation due to the advertising networks being a key beneficiary of the fraud. ciphertext -- data that has been encrypted. Griefing as a gaming play style is not simply any action that may be considered morally incorrect. owledge of the user. Spam, Phishing, Scams, and Fraud Spam is any unsolicited commercial electronic … Networks of such machines are often referred to as botnets and are very commonly used by spam senders for sending junk email or to cloak their website’s address. This process is called web crawling or spidering. Scam Baiting is the practice of pretending interest in a fraudulent scheme in order to manipulate a scammer. As these storage devices become smaller and their storage capacity becomes greater, they are becoming an increasing security risk to companies and government agencies. Lurker: a person who reads discussions on a message board, newsgroup, chatroom, file sharing or other interactive system, but rarely participates. Contraction of the term “web log.” Bot: A software robot that performs automated tasks.  Several recent phishing attacks have been directed specifically at senior executives and other high profile targets within businesses, and the term whaling has been coined for these kinds of attacks. Spamming: the abuse of electronic messaging systems to indiscriminately send unsolicited bulk messages. Pod Slurping: the act of using a portable data storage device such as an iPod digital audio player to illicitly download large quantities of confidential data by directly plugging it into a computer where the data is held, and which may be on the inside of a firewall. Warspying is similar to “Wardriving” only with wireless video instead of wireless networks. Sneakernet: a tongue-in-cheek term used to describe the transfer of electronic information, especially computer files, by physically carrying removable media such as magnetic tape, floppy disks, compact discs, USB flash drives, or external hard drives from one computer to another. Spyware: is computer software that is installed surreptitiously on a personal computer to intercept or take partial control over the user’s interaction with the computer, without the user’s informed consent. Pharming (pronounced farming) is a hacker’s attack aiming to redirect a website’s traffic to another, bogus website. cyberattack, cyberbully, cyberbullying, cybercafé, cyberchondria, cybercrime, cyberculture, cyberhack, cybermob, cyber Monday, cyber mosque Click fraud: a type of internet crime that occurs in pay per click online advertising when a person, automated script, or computer program imitates a legitimate user of a web browser clicking on an ad, for the purpose of generating a charge per click without having actual interest in the target of the ad’s link. 1. a way for couples that are seperated by countries, states, cities, or even rooms to engage in sexual activity when they can't do it like normal people. It may also refer to the use of various audio frequencies to manipulate a phone system. user can simply listen to any conversation his victim is having in real life. It uses a network to send copies of itself to other nodes (computer terminals on the network) and it may do so without any user intervention. This also means that the Bluebug. Synonyms (Other Words) for Cybercrime & Antonyms (Opposite Meaning) for Cybercrime. But back in the 1990s, it meant sex — at least, the kind of sex you can have in a chat room. Specifically, stealware uses an HTTP cookie to redirect the commission ordinarily earned by the site for referring users to another site. Browser: A program used to access the Internet. Spear Phishing: Targeted versions of phishing have been termed spear phishing. Password: A word, phrase, or collection of characters that must be entered correctly on a login page to access content in a restricted area. Phishing: Attempting to mimic an official email from a trusted organization to lure individuals into revealing login information or other personal information. Since these messages were not solicited by the recipients, are substantially similar to each other, and are delivered in bulk quantities, they qualify as unsolicited bulk email or spam. While the term spyware suggests software that secretly monitors the user’s behavior, the functions of spyware extend well beyond simple monitoring. I was looking for some suggestions Computer Worm: a self-replicating computer program. Login: A username and password used to identify an individual attempting to gain access to a restricted page or network. Domain name: A unique Internet identifier registered to an entity (e.g. Blog: An online journal. Zombie computer (often shortened as Zombie): a computer attached to the Internet that has been compromised by a hacker, a computer virus, or a Trojan horse. 2. something for literate people to jack off to. black hat -- a term used to describe a hacker who has the intention of causing damage or stealing information. (Photo: Getty Images) Scammers steal a person's identity to secure credit cards, bank loans and even rent property in that name. Alternative Title: computer crime. This website was funded in part by Grant No. While completely outlawed in some jurisdictions, it is permitted in others. Vishing: is the criminal practice of using social engineering and Voice over IP (VoIP) to gain access to private personal and financial information from the public for the purpose of financial reward. Many sites, in particular search engines, use spidering as a means of providing up-to-date data. System administrator: An individual who manages and oversees a network. If the “tryout” program is already the full version, it is available for a short amount of time, or it does not have updates, help, and other extras that buying the added programs has. As such, systems that generate e-mail backscatter can end up being listed on various DNSBLs and be in violation of internet service providers’ Terms of Service. The term is a combination of “voice” and phishing. Canadians lost millions to scams in 2016. The term money mule is formed by analogy with drug mules. Cyber bullying: The act of one individual harassing or intimidating another individual via the Internet. E-mail spoofing is a technique commonly used for spam e-mail and phishing to hide the origin of an e-mail message. In particular, they may use tools such as stalking, hurling insults, and exploiting unintended game mechanics. | Tek Bull, The Evolution Of Digital Forensics | Pursuit Magazine, Wanted fugitive logs onto sheriff’s Facebook page to ‘troll’ (and then gets caught) | Private Investigator News, 2012, the year for more IT security flaws? White Hat: the hero or good guy, especially in computing slang, where it refers to an ethical hacker that focuses on securing and protecting IT systems. The two are discussed below. In the most common general form of this usage, “hacker” refers to a black-hat hacker (a malicious or criminal hacker). Many businesses will refuse to transfer money or ship goods to certain countries where there is a high likelihood that the transaction is fraudulent. The term “phreak” is a portmanteau of the words “phone” and “freak”. Hacker: someone involved in computer security/insecurity, specializing in the discovery of exploits in systems (for exploitation or prevention), or in obtaining or preventing unauthorized access to systems through skills, tactics and detailed knowledge. A computer or program that provides other computers with access to shared files over a network. Webcam: A camera connected to a computer, generally used to then stream videos to the Internet. While the most widely recognized form of spam is e-mail spam, the term is applied to similar abuses in other media: instant messaging spam, Usenet newsgroup spam, Web search engine spam, spam in blogs, wiki spam, mobile phone messaging spam, Internet forum spam and junk fax transmissions. Internet Service Provider (ISP): A company that offers access to the Internet. Griefers: differ from typical players in that they do not play the game in order to achieve objectives defined by the game world. Some pundits have taken to referring to it as SPIT (for “Spam over Internet Telephony”). ... Noun 1. crime committed using a computer and the internet to steal a person's identity or sell contraband or stalk victims or disrupt operations with malevolent programs (hypernym) crime, law-breaking. Trying to figure out what teens are saying is particularly challenging now, as the past decade's explosion of social media, memes, digital communication, and the ever-present-cellphone means teen-speak evolves faster than ever. Thus, cybercrime is a crime committed through or with the help of a computer, computer networks, or through the use of information technology. DMZ. Any details appreciated. Cyber-stalking: repeatedly sending message that include threats of harm or are highly intimidating; engaging in other online activities that make a person afraid for his or her safety. Typically, rootkits act to obscure their presence on the system through subversion or evasion of standard operating system security mechanisms. Phishing is an attempt to criminally and fraudulently acquire sensitive information, such as usernames, passwords and credit card details, by masquerading as a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication. Malware: software designed to infiltrate or damage a computer system without the owner’s informed consent. Botnet: a jargon term for a collection of software robots, or bots, that run autonomously and automatically. The need for money mules arises because while a criminal in a developing country can obtain the credit card numbers, bank account numbers, passwords and other financial details of a victim living in the first world via the internet through techniques such as malware and phishing, turning those details into money usable in the criminal’s own country can be difficult. Access to the hardware (i.e., the reset switch) is rarely required as a rootkit is intended to seize control of the operating system running on the hardware. bypass -- a flaw in a security device. DataEndure’s Digital Defense SOC-as-a-Service (SOCaaS) is an ideal solution for companies to augment their own security capabilities. The following are commonly used terms that relate to cyber crime. Therefore, it stands to reason that “cyber-crimes” are offences relating to computers, information technology, internet and virtual reality. Sounds like grimey.Used to denote an region that is poor and has higher crime rates.  A sockpuppet-like use of deceptive fake identities is used in stealth marketing. Phishing is typically carried out by e-mail or instant messaging, and often directs users to enter details at a website, although phone contact has also been used. Malware: Malicious software, such as a virus or a worm, that attacks a target computer. A “payload” is code designed to do more than spread the worm – it might delete files on a host system (e.g., the ExploreZip worm), encrypt files in a cryptoviral extortion attack, or send documents via e-mail. Pingback: Comment Policy | Life In a Shoe, Pingback: Spear Phishing Attacks Climbing « MadMark's Blog, Pingback: International Cyber Crime Reporting and Cooperation Act | Pursuit Magazine, Pingback: Social Networking and Cybercrime | Pursuit Magazine, Pingback: Last Minute Golf Vacations, Pingback: Cyber Security: Sockpuppets, Vishing, Snarfing, What does it all mean? well hey there guys, i’ve been looking all over the internet for a GOOD black hat SEO forum.. A prisoner's best friend or a co-defendant. How to use cyber in a sentence. Search engine: A website that finds information across the Internet based on a set of search criteria. Bluejacking: the sending of unsolicited messages over Bluetooth to Bluetooth-enabled devices such as mobile phones, PDAs or laptop computers. The abuse of computers has also given birth to a range of new age crimes that are addressed by … Generally, a compromised machine is only one of many in a Botnet, and will be used to perform malicious tasks of one sort or another under remote direction. False flag operations: covert operations conducted by governments, corporations, or other organizations, which are designed to appear like they are being carried out by other entities. Peer to Peer (or “P2P”): computer network that uses diverse connectivity between participants in a network and the cumulative bandwidth of network participants rather than conventional centralized resources where a relatively low number of servers provide the core value to a service or application. Crapflooding: the practice of disrupting online media such as discussion websites or Usenet newsgroups with nonsensical, inane, and/or repetitive postings (flooding with crap) in order to make it difficult for other users to read other postings. Cybercrime Definition from Language, Idioms & Slang Dictionaries & Glossaries. Types of Cybercrimes Script kiddie (occasionally script bunny, skiddie, script kitty, script-running juvenile (SRJ), or similar): a derogatory term used for an inexperienced malicious hacker who uses programs developed by others to attack computer systems, and deface websites. Money Mule: a person who transfers money and reships high value goods that have been fraudulently obtained in one country, usually via the internet, to another country, usually where the perpetrator of the fraud lives. A shareware program is accompanied by a request for payment, and the software’s distribution license often requires such a payment. General (5 matching dictionaries) Denial-of-Service (DoS) attack: A coordinated attack that aims to overwhelm the resources of a targeted system to crash that system. Stealware: refers to a type of software that effectively transfers money owed to a website owner to a third party. It can also be motivated by a desire to waste the targeted site’s bandwidth and storage space with useless text. The term is a portmanteau of the words malicious and software. This allows access to a calendar, contact list, emails and text messages, and on some phones users can steal pictures and private videos. Unlike such malware, it does not propagate by self-replication but relies heavily on the exploitation of an end-user (see Social engineering). whitehouse.gov). Metadata: Amassed data that is used to describe large amounts of other Internet data. Denial-of-Service Attack (DoS attack): or distributed denial-of-service attack (DDoS attack) is an attempt to make a computer resource unavailable to its intended users. Smishing: short for “SMS phishing” (SMiShing) is an attempt to get cellular phone and mobile device owners to download a Trojan horse, virus or other malware by clinking on a link included in a SMS text message. A single such sockpuppet is a shill; creating large numbers of them to fake a “grass-roots” upswelling of support is known as astroturfing. Additionally, it is often associated with computer hacking. Some types of adware are also spyware and can be classified as privacy-invasive software. Chip in $99 or more now and get this one-of-a-kind Liberal mug as a token of our thanks. Cyber crimes are increasingly becoming social engineering, where cyber criminals invest resources and time to gain knowledge about technical and scientific aspects of cyber security and because of that the term “cybercrime” is often confused with the term “cyber security”. Aimed at tarnishing the reputation of the apparent sender and/or induce the recipients to take action against him (see also e-mail spoofing). Cracker - When you hear the word hacker today, in reality it is normally referring to a cracker, but the … Cyber crime is rapidly evolving, as is the terminology used to describe it. Therefore, it stands to reason that "cyber-crimes" are offences relating to computers, information technology, internet and virtual reality. Cybercrimes: offences that are committed against individuals or groups of individuals with a criminal motive to intentionally harm the reputation of the victim or cause physical or mental harm to the victim directly or indirectly, using modern telecommunication networks such as Internet (Chat rooms, emails, notice boards and groups) and mobile phones (SMS/MMS). | Private Investigator News. The term “cyber-crimes” is not defined in any statute or rulebook. Often, they are also Trojans as well, thus fooling users into believing they are safe to run on their systems. I mean to what extent would be considered a punishable cybercrime. Spyware programs can collect various types of personal information, such as Internet surfing habit, sites that have been visited, but can also interfere with user control of the computer in other ways, such as installing additional software, redirecting Web browser activity, accessing websites blindly that will cause more harmful viruses, or diverting advertising revenue to a third party. "Man, I miss my boyfriend so much, we're gonna cyber … Global Positioning System (GPS): A satellite navigation system that identifies the precise location of the transmitting device. Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) -- an organization that collects and distributes information about security breaches. Worms almost always cause harm to the network, if only by consuming bandwidth, whereas viruses almost always corrupt or modify files on a targeted computer. They run on groups of zombie computers controlled remotely. I mean is booting(script kiddie) like they have on yahoo considered a punishable “cybercrime”? Cybercrime, also called computer crime, the use of a computer as an instrument to further illegal ends, such as committing fraud, trafficking in child pornography and intellectual property, stealing identities, or violating privacy. The term “virus” is also commonly used, albeit erroneously, to refer to many different types of malware and adware programs. The word “cyber” is slang for anything relating to computers, information technology, internet and virtual reality. Not only can they make calls, they can send messages, essentially do anything the phone can do. Unlike a virus, it does not need to attach itself to an existing program. It is committed in cyberspace and …  While similar to a confidence trick or simple fraud, the term typically applies to trickery for information gathering or computer system access and in most cases the attacker never comes face-to-face with the victim. 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