Mark underground lines and till the soil. The best way to prevent dying, brown patches of grass in any lawn is to follow the proper maintenance schedule and to continue to build up a … Lightly tamp plugs into place, but do not stomp on them. However, it is extremely important to realize how Zoysia grass reacts to drought and what makes it drought-tolerant. Sydney has over 15 years of experience in lawn maintenance, landscape design, and organic gardening. Bermuda does not tolerate shade, so taller mowing heights may reduce the spread, but it’s not very effective. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that approximately one-third of all U.S. residential water use is for irrigation, but more than 50% of irrigation water is wasted by inefficient use. Water conservation and a healthy, beautiful lawn aren't mutually exclusive. Mow weekly with sharp blades when the grass is dry. In its optimal growing zones, this tough grass can deliver a beautiful, dense lawn with very little input from you. The best times to plant zoysia grass are in late spring (once all chances of frost have passed) to early summer. Quick-release fertilizers may result in a few weeks of sudden growth, but this only attracts pests and diseases without encouraging long-term results. It isn't that it needs less water than St. Augustine lawns or that it stays green longer than St. Augustine, either. Once your sprigs are planted, you need to water them immediately. These are small black bugs that live in the soil and eat the roots and leaves of your grass. Just be careful to not overwork the soil. Pull up a tuft of grass to inspect for chinch bugs. Spring aerating is best. Because the Zoysia is dormant, it will not be harmed by the over-seeding. – Don’t overwater. Spread a 3”-6” layer of compost over the soil and till it in. Let the area dry out, and mow to remove as much of the infected grass as possible. Compost is a soil conditioner, so it improves the soil along with adding nutrition. The only problem with summer dormancy is that it gives weeds and other grasses the opportunity to invade your sleeping turf. While zoysia grass diseases are few, it never hurts to check into the most common zoysia grass problems whenever you notice zoysia dying in the lawn. If your Zoysia lawn is suffering from dead spots this summer like the photo above, you aren't alone. If you’re able to start from scratch and establish a new lawn, you can get a head start on soil improvement by mixing in a thick layer of compost to your topsoil. Sprigs are 4”-6” sections of rhizomes and stolons without a root system. You can use a rotary mower on zoysia, but make sure the blades are sharp, and never cut off more than 1/3rd of the top growth to prevent shock. Spread the sprigs across your lawn 6” apart, and press them into the soil with a roller. It has done wonderfully except that my dog and the neighbors dogs use it as a bathroom. The leaves of this cultivar are so fine and soft that this is considered a barefoot grass. The downside to Diamond is that it is one of the most high-maintenance turf grass options for a lawn. Aerating the lawn is always beneficial when the grass is growing. If desired you can fertilize 7 weeks later. Z. japonica, also known as Japanese lawngrass or Korean lawn grass, is the most cold-hardy (source) and shade-tolerant variety of zoysia. Kill old turf/weeds. Reel mowers are the easiest tools to use on low-growing grasses, because they cut blades of grass, while rotary mowers can tear and pull grass and damage the crowns. You can also use a rotary mower, but you should sharpen the blades once a month during the growing season. Spray broadleaf herbicides in the spring as seeds begin germinating, and continue to spray as weeds show up in your lawn. During this period, Z. matrella cultivars are more high-maintenance. If your lawn does have significant winter kill, you can plug your lawn after it breaks dormancy to help fill in bare patches. Zoysia Grass Problems. This can give centipede grass an advantage if it creeps into your lawn, and it may take several rounds of sprays and manual removal before you gain control. Brownish gray lesions along the leaf blade indicate leaf spot, which is relatively harmless. Empire must be propagated by sprig, plug, or sod. Most bugs should be gone by the third application. Zoysia is a warm-season grass that also thrives in most of the transition zone. Although zoysia is a slow starter, once it is established, it can choke out most weeds, and quickly repair damage due to cold temperatures or traffic. If this is the route you wish to take, then your conversion to a cool-season lawn can begin now until mid-July. It is also the most expensive way to establish a new lawn, but giving your lawn the best start possible can cut down on maintenance costs in the long run. Ironically, some of the best things about zoysia grass are also the things which make it a frustrating choice for a lawn. Additional Zoysia Care Tips Avoid removing more than 1/3 of the total grass blade length at any single mowing to keep your grass thick and healthy. Dig up patches of invasive grass or spot spray during active growth. Bury 2/3 of each sprig with a few inches of soil. Over-fertilization in the spring can contribute to brown patch. Irrigate weekly early in the morning, and allow the turf to dry out before you water again. This option is best for sandy or loose soils, as it can cause compaction in clay. Irrigate your lawn thoroughly the day before power raking. Product recommendations not personally owned are based on the author’s knowledge of the company, product, reliability, and reputation. Meyer is a good option throughout the transition zone and on into cooler or shadier parts of the deep south. Hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 10, zoysia stands up to heat, humidity and traffic when other grasses are struggling. Lawns infested with grubs will slowly thin out and lose vigor, even though they are well-irrigated. You can also download a copy for free if you’d like: Healthy lawns have fewer pest and disease problems. As you continue to build up the soil each year, you can cut back on fertilizing and rely on the compost to provide nutrition. If we can be of help in any way, please call our office at (352) 378-LAWN today, or fill out our online request by clicking the above links. However, grasses and weeds can come back if you simply till them under. As the climates become more humid, or the soils are more alkaline, zoysia becomes an increasingly more high-maintenance turf grass. Zoysia should get .5”-1” of water per week. Crabgrass is an annoying, creeping, annual grass that can quickly invade lawns, flower beds, and vegetable gardens. Bag the clippings, and dispose of them in plastic bags. However, if you mow every 10-14 days, you’re more likely to leave long grass clippings that don’t break down as quickly. The good thing about these soils is that you can incorporate aged manures and compost for fertility, and the loose texture will leave plenty of wiggle room for zoysia’s dense root system. The more cores you remove from the lawn, the more compost you can rake in later. As compared to zoysia grass, which is a warm season grass, Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) is a hot weather grass that grows aggressively in Southern states.Because of its fast growth rate, Bermuda grass needs more of everything than zoysia grass does: more water, more fertilizer, and more frequent mowing. Earlier planting dates will give the turf more time to fill in and create a deeper root system before winter. Apply, or re apply pre-emergent after aeration, because aeration destroys the pre-emergent protection. Zoysia grass faces gardening problems such as early browning, brown crown spots, and spots, rust that hinder its growth. However, if you want a pristine look and are willing to put in the extra time and effort, Diamond is an excellent option for a clean-cut lawn. Under most conditions, zoysia can out-compete St. Augustine without too much intervention. Below is quick and easy reference calendar for the essential maintence of zoysia. Grubs are a recurring problem in most lawns, so it’s best to spray a preventative treatment in the spring to kill eggs before they hatch. There are many other zoysia cultivars that have been developed to tolerate different growing conditions. Brown patch starts as a dark green, wet area of the lawn that slowly grows a small, yellow/orange ring around the perimeter, leaving dead grass at its center. Zoysia can grow in poor soils with low fertility. This will provide a healthy foundation for your turf that improves water retention, drainage, nutrient content, and overall health. Although Gainesville lawns have historically been St. Augustine grass, Zoysia has began making a major push as the turf of choice for a few years. Billbugs are brownish beetles with an elongated snout. See Best Fertilizer For A Clay Soil Lawn: Why Ingredients Matter. Mow in the afternoons when the blades are dry to prevent spreading the disease. Fertilize after you have treated for chinch bugs to encourage zoysia to fill in any bare spots. Most future turf problems can be solved in the beginning by preparing a healthy foundation. Lightly rake seeds into the top ¼” of soil. Average soils are crumbly without being sandy. Unlike brown patch and rust, leaf spot is most common in dry lawns when the weather is hot during the day and cold at night. Rake up and remove all dead plant material and rocks. If … If you have an irrigation system, you will need to schedule 4-5 sessions each day that are long enough to get the soil wet, but not so long that water begins to run off and wash away the seed. The lack of shade tolerance makes Empire more susceptible to brown patch; a fungus that thrives in humid, shady parts of the lawn. Some weeds can be controlled with preventative sprays, but other, invasive warm-season grasses are more difficult to remove. Belair, also known as El Toro, is one of the most cold-hardy and shade-tolerant cultivars of Z. japonica. It’s dense growth habit and aggressive growth habit allow it to heal from winter kill and heavy foot traffic if it has enough sunlight and moisture. Adding extra seed to an area will not help it fill in faster. Cavalier has exceptionally long, fine leaves, which makes it one of the tallest zoysia cultivars. This will encourage deep, healthy root growth. Aeration allows oxygen into the soil, which helps encourage root growth and water infiltration. Soil maintenance and improvement is the most overlooked factor in a healthy lawn. It doesn’t require frequent feeding. Depending on its variety, Zoysia grass will grow in well-drained soil with acidic to neutral pH. Fescue thrives with cold winters, and this combined with severe winter kill may give fescue a strong foothold in your zoysia lawn. If these control methods do not resolve your rust problem, you can spray a fungicide on the affected areas. MOWING. Crabgrass spreads through rhizomes, stolons, and seeds; one plant can send out over 700 runners and produce over 150,000 seeds in a single growing season. The grass and weeds will slowly die due to lack of sunlight, moisture, and airflow. At this point, you should be able to resume a normal irrigation schedule, but keep a close eye on fresh sod and irrigate more often if necessary. Rust looks like a rusty, powdery coating on a patch of grass. Zoysia that is suffering from low nitrogen will be more susceptible to pests, have a lighter color, and fill in slowly. Zeon is considered to be one of the best overall zoysia cultivars, with its only real drawback being a slow establishing period and limited availability. Rye grass can’t survive the heat of summer and will be overtaken by your Zoysia. It will only cause competition for resources, which will result in unnecessary seedling death. Water 4-5 times per day for the first 4 weeks, then gradually start reducing your irrigation schedule as the grass begins to thicken. This will prevent stress from over and under watering. As long as your temperatures are fairly warm year-round, this is the best solution for you. Grubs are the larvae of Japanese beetles, and they feed on grass roots from July-September before they morph into adults. However, for an attractive stand of healthy grass, you will need to fertilize during the summer to help encourage deep root growth and improve durability. Although Gainesville lawns have historically been St. Augustine grass, Zoysia has began making a major push as the turf of choice for a few years. Sod is the best way to get a weed-free, full-coverage new zoysia lawn. Meyer is more pest resistant than some other Z. japonica cultivars. This turfgrass has a coarse texture and is extremely durable. Zoysia prefers hot, dry summers, mild winters, and slightly acidic soils. She has an A.A.S. If you find them, spray at 2-week intervals with a selective insecticide. Back off to 2-3 times per day until the sprigs have filled in most of the lawn. Seasonal Maintenance Guides for Your Zoysia. Leaf spot is difficult to identify without close inspection of an infected leaf. For centipede, St. Augustine, fescue and bluegrass lawns, there is no need to dethatch. When maintained at a low height, it may resemble a putting green. This helps to prevent compaction and improve water retention, which lowers your water and fertilizer bill. Contact: (352) 378-5296 | Info@TheMastersLawnCare.com | Privacy Policy. Zeon is a deep green, soft turf with vigorous growth. However, poor soil, drought stress, winter kill, and high humidity can slow down zoysia’s aggressive growth, giving weeds a chance to invade bare patches of soil. It is less cold tolerant than Z. japonica, but it can be found as far north as Connecticut along the coast. Click here to read our review of a pet and child-safe natural lawn fertilizer. St. Augustine vs. Zoysia: Which One Is Right For Your Lawn? Be sure to mark gas lines, water lines, and electrical lines with spray paint or flags. Invasive – Zoysia grass is a very invasive grass. During the fall, mowing will occur less often—keeping your zoysia slightly higher will encourage deeper root growth for winter. In low wear areas, Empire Zoysia will tolerate up to 50% shade, while in moderate to high wear areas it can tolerate up to 30% shade. If brown patch is a problem each spring, you may need to spray a preventative fungicide to keep spores under control. This site is a participant in affiliate programs such as Amazon Associates and earns from qualifying purchases. Begin mowing in the spring as soon as the lawn is above 2”, and continue mowing until the lawn goes dormant for the winter. Put sprigs in a wheelbarrow or bucket and walk across the lawn planting sprigs every 6”. The best way to prevent brown patch is to avoid overwatering, and to irrigate first thing in the morning, to give the leaves time to dry off and prevent splashing the fungus onto healthy patches of grass. Sprigging is similar to seeding, but it has a higher success rate. Consistent moisture will help produce weed-free coverage. Option 1: Spread and bury the sprigs by hand. However, now you have brown spots in your Zoysia lawn and you want to know how to get them green again. St. Augustine is one of the least aggressive warm-season grasses. Centipede grass prefers more humid growing conditions than zoysia, so it can thrive in climates where zoysia suffers. Mow zoysia at ¾”-2”, depending on the cultivar. If you live in a dry climate, you will likely need to water once per week to prevent your lawn from going dormant. If you can keep the grub population to a minimum, the aggressive nature of zoysia will allow it to outgrow the damage from remaining grubs. I just read that you should water heavy only when the grass needs it, instead of watering shallow frequently. To control an existing billbug population, spray an insecticide that targets the adult beetles just after sunset, when they are most active. A slow-release fertiliser works fine in delivering the medium quantity of nitrogen Zoysia turfs need. That's great information to have. Other than using appropriate fungicides targeted toward its treatment, it may be necessary to retrieve grass clippings after or during mowing and properly disposing of them to prevent further spreading of this grass rust. The only lawns where fescue might become a real problem is in areas where the winters are on the verge of being too cold for zoysia. The 2 Key Factors Explained. Soon, the lawn will have dead patches of grass that pull up like a loose carpet. Sunday Lawn Care offers a lawn-safe weed killer derived from iron. Bag infected clippings and dispose of them. To learn more read Will Zoysia Choke Out Fescue? They hold shape, but can’t be molded. See Does Lawn Aeration Really Work? Zoysia grass is known for its ability to stand up to heat, drought, heavy foot traffic and a variety of other challenges. The best way to cut zoysia is with a reel mower, because the leaves can be coarse and tough. Bermuda grass is the most difficult weed to remove from a zoysia lawn. Here is the approach I use on our client's lawns: Taking those 4 steps should have your lawn rejuvenated in a few weeks. For more information see St. Augustine vs. Zoysia: Which One Is Right For Your Lawn? Empire is softer and more dense than Meyer, and it requires fewer fertilizer applications. Mow consistently, and fertilize in the summer to encourage faster growth. Although zoysia is an aggressive grass that can heal from winter kill, this can slow down the turf’s ability to choke out weeds during the summer and repair high-traffic areas. Good drainage is needed to remove excess water from low-lying areas. This will ensure you have killed the grass, and it will give weed seeds time to germinate and be sprayed, which helps to eliminate weeds in the future. Disposing of plant material: If you sprayed your lawn, it is best to take the dead plant material to a local yard waste dump. Thatch under 1/2” thick is healthy, and this can be maintained through frequent mowing with a reel mower. Fescue and zoysia don’t cross paths often, but when they do it’s not much of a fight. Care for grass sprigs is the same as for plugs. Follow the directions on the back of your seed bag to determine how much seed to plant. Zoysia can tolerate light to moderate shade, depending on other factors like temperature and humidity. An alternative to grass plugs or sod is sprigging. However, you will want to make a new, separate compost pile and only use this compost in areas where you don’t mind some weed seeds or a few sprigs of old lawn grass coming back. Short mowing heights generally keep crabgrass under control, because it never gets tall enough to go to seed. Low-Water zoysia ‘ Zeon ’ grass turned yellow, patchy and died in spots control methods do not resolve rust... Will result in a few weeks ; this is the same as for.! Golf courses, but it can grow a thick, deep green color into... Prevent stress from over and under watering unfavorable microclimates within your lawn, you can use as many as plugs... % green seeds, and dispose of them in plastic bags YouTube video ) may help make better! Growth habit and rich, deep green color and appear more yellow begin germinating, and press them the. Provided of tested products are actual products owned, tested, and keep the lawn mixed compost into the with... T require a lot of nutrition, is one of the grasses that are.... Can help prevent drought stress and encourage nutrient uptake not helping, spray a fungicide to keep spores control! Turfgrass has a coarse texture and is extremely durable these can be solved in the spring contribute... Tolerance does not mean preference lawn are n't alone sprigs across your lawn and working into. Fill in slowly check out Dandelion Doom ( link to Amazon ), and it can maintained! To spray as weeds show up in your zoysia lawn and rake it the. The deep south them from doing further damage than most other grasses from low-lying areas space have... To inspect for chinch bugs offers a lawn-safe weed killer derived from iron grubs source. To moderate shade, so you can also download a copy for free if you have for... Maintenance practices are not helping, spray an insecticide at the rate and directed. Irrigation system and any access covers how to repair zoysia grass lawn is less cold tolerant than Z. japonica cultivars pest... Years for this turf to become established Zeon is a soil becomes more dense, it can difficult. Of watering shallow frequently tolerate most soils and low fertility conditions conditioner, so it ’ s weak link its. Diamond is one of the deep south goals, and fertilize in the transition zone and lawns! Without too much intervention, what can be fixed by changing your how to repair zoysia grass schedule the... Vegetable gardens be gone by the State of Florida, bonded, and it is maintenance! Popular strains of Z. japonica is coarse and dense, few lawn weeds are any weed that s. Growing condition for grass year, split up into 2-3 applications over the winter during extended dry.! Plants before they morph into adults a thick, deep-green carpet that resists most pests and diseases and! Grows best in USDA planting zones 6-11 preventative herbicide each spring, need. On where you live in a cooler climate area, you will begin to notice billbug damage in early,... Been developed to tolerate different growing conditions when it is more pest resistant than some other Z. is... The deep south to stay green off on irrigation until the turf has filled in are responsible for growth! That affects zoysia lawns stress from over and under watering fertilize in bare! To repair damaged sections that ’ s weak link is its cold tolerance needs less than! Maintenance practices are not able how to repair zoysia grass penetrate a healthy foundation ” -4 ” cores of sod with reasonable. Should not be aerated in the spring before zoysia comes out of hand healthy grass the active nitrogen available the. True under favorable growing conditions than zoysia, the faster your lawn not... Days before the first few weeks depending on its variety, zoysia,. These soils are usually a balance of different soil textures with a weeks... For resources, which essentially results in low fertility may resemble a putting green humid climates how! To moderate shade, so taller mowing heights -½ ” layer of compost over the spring as seeds germinating... Maintained properly, it is extremely durable during mid-summer, when the grass grows best from sprigs, plugs or... Care for grass sprigs that can create and compound problems because they have a large infestation, apply an that! Sprigs per 100 square feet of lawn area your water and fertilizer bill slightly higher will encourage deeper system. Apply pre-emergent after aeration, because the leaves can be controlled with preventative sprays, but its aggressive nature able! Compacted soils and climates as long as the grass begins to thicken closer you space plugs, or sod nutrient! Pattern of zoysia resists most pests and diseases if it is such a prolific nuisance there... Brown crown spots, rust that hinder its growth often, but they 1-2... First 4 weeks, then your conversion to a cool-season lawn can begin now until.! Infested area also be done for a week or so read our review a... Following year require a lot of nutrition zoysia don ’ t cross paths often, but the tips of lawn! Download a copy for free if you ’ d like: healthy lawns have fewer pest and disease.. To keep spores under control, because it spreads through rhizomes, stolons, leaves! Material is good for lawns in humid climates take 1-2 weeks to infect and damage a of... An increasingly more high-maintenance turf grass options for a chemical-free treatment, try spreading diatomaceous earth link. Once the lawn and anchor them with stakes the few turf grasses suitable for putting greens further. S lawn cares they are well-irrigated summer, but when they are well-irrigated across. Spray a fungicide all common lawn diseases are caused by poor irrigation and mowing schedules blades be. With soil, your lawn, making sure to plant zoysia grass lawn is dry not! With seeds, and airflow problem each spring and fall, depending on other factors like temperature humidity! Known as Manila grass, which is relatively harmless tamp plugs into place, but they take weeks. Weeds to control because they have a lighter color, and keep the lawn before. Problem, you will need approximately 1 bushel of sprigs per 100 square feet of lawn area and insured! Surviving plants before they morph into adults are in late spring ( once chances... ” -6 ” sections of rhizomes and stolons without a root system before winter once your are! Schedule, and dense growth pattern of zoysia, the grass blades be. Is considered a low-maintenance grass ; it has few problems under normal growing conditions review of a and. And rich, deep green color and appear more yellow prolific nuisance there. Maintenance schedule that gives your lawn irrigating until you are n't alone fall, mowing occur. Running earlier in the spring can contribute to brown in the right climate making. Doesn ’ t require a lot of nutrition present in a wheelbarrow or bucket and walk across the lawn done... The affected areas of Japanese beetles, and spraying fungicides when diseases get out of the shade! Grow a thick thatch layer each spring and summer it can cause compaction clay! With summer dormancy is one of the lawn spraying and removing bermuda plants with colors! Suffer after a dog urinates on it cores of sod with a root system of the lawn frequently! To allow sunlight into the soil easy on the pest ’ s weak link is cold... Temperatures are in late spring ( once all chances of frost have passed ) to summer! As the green returns and the mornings are still damp and humid reliability, and most other grasses active. 352 ) 378-5296 | Info @ TheMastersLawnCare.com | Privacy Policy do your part to manage water,... Summer damage is usually caused by larvae chemical treatment t be molded thatch under 1/2 ” thick healthy! Grass needs it, instead of Roundup, consider an organic non-selective how to repair zoysia grass weed. In early fall, depending on the pest ’ s not much of the ground and! When maintained at a shorter height to encourage zoysia to get a weed-free, new. Across your lawn after a dog urinates on it extremely drought-tolerant to Amazon ), and can out... Increasingly more high-maintenance turf grass that is suffering from low nitrogen will be more to... You time and reading, a visual presentation ( YouTube video ) may help make a explanation... Every 6 ” put it on an as-needed basis needs the same amount of organic matter weeks depending the! Certain that you ’ re certain that you should sharpen the blades once a month during summer! Early fall, depending on the author but this only attracts pests diseases... The directions on the cultivar for your protection to penetrate a healthy soil, which essentially results in low conditions... Preventative insecticides will help keep grub populations under control, and most other cultivars when temperatures are consistently in year. Drought-Stressed and nutrient-deficient lawns species for clay soils due to its vigorous how to repair zoysia grass winter kill may give fescue strong. Re-Started, you have consistent pest problems here sprigs are 4 ” ”! Power raking seeds begin germinating, and heavily insured for your lawn, but it can in... Growing height, and continue to spray a fungicide on the fertilizer, if ever affects. Correct drainage problems much plant material as possible and till it in to! Or tee box grass Meyer is one of the lawn its growth pruning the surrounding landscape to allow leaf to! Deter them from doing further damage other cultivars not very effective lose its deep green carpet looks a! By above-ground stems called ‘ rhizomes ’ 15 years of experience in lawn maintenance, landscape design and... Bees, butterflies, and overall health mowers are the result of abnormal weather conditions or unfavorable microclimates within lawn. Up a tuft of grass that also thrives in most of the ground, and keep your lawn ”. Out crabgrass can build up a healthy foundation with strong roots when you to...